The Kapunda Mines Investigation(s)
We are very lucky to be living in a town with a reputation for being one of the most haunted places in Australia, possibly the world.
One of the locations associated with haunting is The Old Kapunda Mines (you can read more about the history of the mines lower on this page).
Many ghosts and cryptid stories are associated with the mines, some are far-fetched, but others have a basis in truth, of course, we try and dispel the more insane of local legends, but one can't dismiss so easily ghost stories that are based in factual events.
One story is of a small child who is seen to haunt one of the current open cut mines, which back in the day of which this young man died, would have been a very deep mine shaft. The stories about this boy can be corroborated with stories reported in local newspapers.
Another story is to do with children drowning in what was once the pump house, also a verified story, where the child is now seen near the old pump house station.
Other reports include people being slapped in the face, the sound of picks hitting stones, distant singing, people being touched and a report by another team of seeing a "Bunyip" type creature that allowed itself to be touched by them.
With all these stories, you can imagine the prospects of investigating the location, but, being an open cut mine, with many perils and pitfalls, this is an awkward and somewhat dangerous location to investigate.
On our numerous daylight and evening trips to the mines, we have not encountered anything as of yet we would say represent haunting or paranormal phenomena, instead, what we have found so far is natural explanations for phenomena occurring there.
Johnson Feed Mill is running day and night and very noisy close by and also the Kapunda Quarry, both of these locations add to the sounds heard when one is down in the open cut mines, and can be associated with the sounds of explosions, picks and shovels and other noises being heard, including voices and singing.
We feel that most touching phenomena reported is usually put down to hyper-sensitivity that people feel when entering a location they feel is haunted, therefore raising their "fight or flight" senses.
As for other phenomena, experience's of said phenomena are hard to find and therefore difficult to assess, we are not saying that they are lying about their experiences in the mines, but until they can be interviewed, and their stories assessed one has to lay the story aside unless the same phenomena occurs in one's own presence.
This, however, has not stopped us investigating by ourselves, with Adelaide Shadow Hunters or with teams and guests after SA Paranormal Meet-ups (one can enter the mines day or night, two "wheels" are open at all times, the major one is generally off limits without prior consent, which is easily obtainable)
The Kapunda Mines History
The Copper in the Kapunda Mines was first discovered by Francis Dutton in 1842. He began a partnership with Captain Bagot (Captain was a traditional Cornish term used for a manager)and together they purchased about 80 acres of land. They paid 1 pound per acre of land.
The pair set about taking samples from the numerous green rocks. The samples were then sent off to England for testing, this would take almost two years before results would return to Australia. Upon the results reaching Australia, the business partners were astonished to find the copper was 22.5 per cent pure, which at the time was the richest deposit found anywhere in the world.
The mine began small with Bagot employing labourers to dig the copper of the surface with shovels and picks. In their first year alone they removed 600 tons of ore, valued at about 7000 pounds.
Around December 1844, Cornish miners began to arrive on-site, and tunnelling and underground mining began in earnest.
Francis Dutton decided to sell his 25% share in the mine in 1846, earning him the vast sum (at the time) of 16000 pounds, Captain Bagot now had the controlling 55% of the ownership of the mine.
In its beginnings, the mine would transport its ore via bullock dray to Port Adelaide, a journey of about 6 days, where it would be loaded onto ships and transported by vessels to Swansea in Wales, where it was smelted by the Welsh. Loads were sent at 2 tonnes per load, by 1850, the mine was producing 100 tones of copper ore per month.
In the coming years the mine would expand significantly, and so would the town. Many jobs were created, and it seemed in this era that certain cultural backgrounds provided expertise in differing areas, with Welsh men coming to South Australia to operate smelters, the Cornish, who were expert miners, and the Germans who began to cut down trees needed to power the furnaces of the smelters, and began farms to feed the vast amount of workers. Then there were the Irish who began as labourers, and to drive the Bullock teams to Port Adelaide
Kapunda never had one distinct mine instead there were at least five or six
distinct copper lodes in close proximity, which were mined from as many as ten
separate shafts over time: Wheal Bagot, Wheal Charlotte, Wheal Truscott,
Wheal Lanyon, Wheal Harris, Wheal Major. There is no trace of any of them
today, as they have all been obliterated by later workings of the mine (wheal being a Cornish mining term of phrase)
In 1849, Smelters made in Germany arrived in South Australia, reducing the need to ship ore overseas, however, the ships now brought back Coal from England for the smelters
by 1851, Kapunda had a population of over 2000 people
In 1850, the mines had reached about 80 feet down and had started to go below the water table, a steam engine was brought in to pump the water out of the mine. At its deepest point, the mine reached about 480 feet or 150 metres.
In 1852, the Goldrush in Victoria began, this had a huge effect on Kapunda and its surrounds, many men left to try their luck at finding a quick fortune. For almost three years the production rate at Kapunda dropped to a minimal amount, however by 1857, production was at full speed again producing upwards of 4104 tonnes of ore
The Kapunda mines importance declined with the discovery of copper at Burra, with a lode four times greater than Kapunda, but even Burra couldn’t compete with Moonta, which had a lode almost 4 times greater than Burra's!
By 1863 the majority of the high-grade ore had been mined out, the mine was now a low-grade ore mine – soon it became an opencut mine.
The mine closed in 1878 and all the equipment was sold
However, it did reopen again and continued until 1912 on a smaller scale. During this time 12,800 tonnes or copper ore were mined
Now, in 2012 the Copper mine stands as a tourist attraction at Kapunda Southern End dominated by the large stone chimney that was used to provide air for the engine boilers below. The mine is the favourite place of artists who love the deep green hues of the water that fills the open cut mine.
The mine has an appeal for Paranormal investigators in the area due to stories of a paranormal nature that have appeared on the internet and through the rumour of townsfolk, these include the sightings of a “hairy ape-like man” thought to be the “Kapunda Yeti”, to sightings of strange “lamp” lights near the mine, disembodied voices, people being “slapped” across the face and full-bodied apparitions of miners, wearing clothes from a different era, in the surrounding area.
Our research has uncovered a few deaths involving miners, a few grizzly events. Such as miners losing limbs, a boy almost drowning in a wastewater tank, could these events have scared the interior of the mines with emotions that resonate today, or is it people reaching a state of hypersensitivity due to the scary desolate feeling of the mine interior, and thus scaring themselves into believing a ghost is present?
Whatever is happening within the mine, it still remains a place of historical significance and should be treated as such, this is also a terribly dangerous place to enter, with open mine shafts, large pieces of steel jutting out of rock formations and other unseen dangers, we do not recommend going into the mine at all to anyone as its pitfalls are numerous.
1842 Copper ore discovered
1844 Mine opened
1845 Horse whim installed
Mine Square Cottages built
1846 Dutton sold his share
Captain John Richards appointed
1848 Draft engine purchased
1849 Draft engine at work
1851 Buhl engine installed
Mine closed by Victorian gold rush
1855 Mine re-opened
1859 Captain Bagot retired
1860 Kapunda Mining Company formed in London
Subsidence in workings
Railway reached Kapunda
1861 Draft Engine re-located
1862 East Kapunda mines opened
1863 Mines operated at a loss
1865 Scottish company took over mines
1867 Henderson Plant in production
Captain Osborne appointed
1877 Crash in copper price
1879 Mines closed
1880 Hillside mine opened
1912 Tributers finished up
1938 Matthews Gravel Quarry on Block 19 opened
1949 Matthews Gravel Quarry on Block 19 closed
1962 Council acquired Block 24
1972 Council acquired Block 21
Plaque placed on smokestack
Charlotte opencut used as Council dump
1986 Jubilee 150 signage erected
1987 Site entered in SA Heritage Register
2008 Preparation of Conservation Management Plan for the site
Researched and Written
©2012 Eidolon Paranormal.
© 2007 - 2014 Allen Tiller
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